The caffeine presents in the coffee act as a stimulant and gives us a jolt of energy and act as a single largest source of antioxidants in the diet. This is the reason that Coffee is turning to be major drink for both young and adults. But the unfiltered coffee contains a substance called cafestol which contributes in increasing the cholesterol levels. The grounds present in the coffee not only ruin the taste but also contain oily compounds which are antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.
HISTORY OF FILTERS
Coffee filters are contributing their presence in the industry since 1908. The housewives are very particular about their cooking and so was Melitta Bentz! This lady from Germany used to boil the lose grounds separately so that they do not pile up in the end of coffee mug. As it was not so effective she started using typical method of linen to brew coffee which is used to filter the cheese, sprouts etc. But the method doesn’t turn out to be so effective which urged her to invent something so as to remove the bitter taste of coffee. This was when 150 years back with the help of her husband and two sons she finally came up with her remarkable invention of coffee filters. The need was felt by everybody but this lady moved beyond her need and created something which proved to be beneficial for everybody. Her invention is growing for years and would continue to be used for years to come.
TYPES OF FILTERS
- PAPER FILTER: These Coffee filters are made up of crepe paper. Crepe papers are the special type of papers which allow the coffee to flow freely between the filter and the funnel. These papers are produced from the fast growing trees as their fiber is coarse which make them feasible for filtration. Paper filters may cost pennies only as they are not long lived. They can filter only few cups of coffee. This is the reason that households who are not in regular habit of coffee may opt for paper filters but the coffee houses or those who are in a habit of drinking coffee rely on permanent filters. These paper filters are easier to clean and are biodegradable as they are made up of natural fibers.
The different papers used in making paper Coffee filters are:
- NATURAL BROWN: It is the natural and unprocessed paper.
- WHITE: These papers are chlorinated and bleached to give it a white shade.
- BAMBOO: As these filters are made up of fast growing trees, bamboo is one such naturally renewing resource which helps in making filters.
- PERMANENT FILTERS: these Coffee filters are made up of metals such as nylon etc. they are much durable and can be used for years if maintained and cleaned properly. The permanent filters allow for strong roasting of the coffee as it helps in retaining the complex flavor of coffee. The permanent filters should be cleaned regularly as a dirty filter is a home of many germs. Some filters are dishwasher safe but you should not take up the risk and opt for hand washing only.
Type Of Coffee Filters
The permanent filters are made up of two materials
- GOLD TONED: These are plated with gold and are mainly of stainless steel.
- NYLON: Nylon is a synthetic fabric and is low in price and may get acidic over time but is less costly than gold plated ones.
- CLOTH FILTERS: these filters are made up of natural cotton or muslin fabric. They are available in the shape of a cone or a tiny bag which makes them easy to filter the coffee. The pores in these filters are larger than paper filters and therefore small amount of coffee sediments are present in the finished cup of coffee. This feature is attractive for those who like strong coffee but for those who like light taste may not prefer cloth filters. They have a lifespan of three to six months and turn brown naturally which is the indication that they need to be replaced.
COMPARISON OF THREE DIFFERENT TYPE OF COFFEE FILTERS
- COST: The cost of paper Coffee filters is low per unit but their frequent replacement makes the batch of coffee quite costly. Permanent filters are one time investment and they are expensive at first go but their average cost is quite low as it makes many cups of coffee. Cloth filters are neither so expensive nor so cheap.
- FILTRATION: Paper Coffee filters help in making light coffee and filter even the tiniest part of the grounds. Cloth filters fail to filter the small and tiny particles while permanent filters make the bold coffee while retaining the complex and strong components within.
- GREEN: Both cloth and permanent filters are eco-friendly. Cloth filters are made up of organic, sustainably farmed and natural restoring compounds and fibers and permanent filters are made up of metals which don’t involve any cutting of trees. Paper filters on the other hand are not environment friendly. It is because the trees are to be cut to make these filters and moreover people just dispose off these filters in their bins and do not compost them which reduce their essence.
HOW TO USE A CONE FILTER TO MAKE COFFEE
The temporary cone Coffee filters are to be folded along the crimp to give it a shape of the cone. Then place the filter in the coffee maker or the cup of coffee and add coffee grounds to make delicious coffee.
An efficient filter may have poor capacity so while choosing a filter do check out the following factors:
- Proper Shape and size
- Appropriate strength so that they are not torn or rip apart
- Efficient in retaining large and small particles
- Have a capacity to hold previous sediments while allowing for new ones
- Have compatibility to resist so that liquid do not break down and taste of coffee is retained
The cone filters helps the water run through the grounds more effectively so as to extract complete flavor. These help in bringing about the best taste when brewing coffee. So choose your filters efficiently as you don’t want to eat your coffee, you just want to drink it!